The Temple of Hatshepsut is one of the distinguished temples not only in Egypt but also in the whole world, but What is unique about Hatshepsut temple? In fact, there are many things that distinguish this museum, to make it the most distinguished museum in the entire world. From the way it is designed and the levels it is divided into, to the shape of the museum from the inside. In this article, we will answer you about What is unique about Hatshepsut temple? And we discuss the most important thing that distinguishes it.
Who is Hatshepsut?
Before we answer your question, What is unique about Hatshepsut temple? We will first need to know the story of Queen Hatshepsut. Hatshepsut is the only Egyptian queen who ruled Egypt in stable political and economic conditions, during the Golden Age.
That is, during the period between 1473 and 1458 BC, and she is the eldest daughter of the Pharaoh of Egypt, King Thutmose I.
Her name in the Pharaonic language means “the most distinguished of women”. And she married the illegitimate son of her father, according to the custom of the Pharaonic families.
So that they share power together after her father’s death. Indeed, this happened, and she gave birth to him.
And after his death, she appointed herself regent on the throne of her son from Thutmose II, and after that she demanded the rule of Egypt. She ruled Egypt for a full 22 years, after which she was exposed to a disease that caused her death in the year 1457 BC.
What is unique about Hatshepsut temple?
The Temple of Hatshepsut is located in Deir el-Bahari, specifically on the west bank of the Nile River, opposite the city of Luxor (Thebes). It is one of the distinguished temples not only in Egypt, but also in the whole world.
It was ordered to be built by Queen Hatshepsut, who ruled Egypt with a strong policy, and this temple was designed by the architect Senenmut. There are many inscriptions in this temple, some of which are from the birth of Hatshepsut.
But what distinguishes this temple most from the rest of the Egyptian temples is its distinctive and different architectural design.
Read Also: What are 5 facts about Tutankhamun?
Architectural design of the Temple of Hatshepsut
And speaking of what is unique about Hatshepsut temple? The distinctive architectural design of the temple is what makes it different. Hatshepsut built many monuments and buildings to impress the Egyptian people with her status as a great leader.
This temple is considered one of the most important achievements of Hatshepsut which took 15 years to complete. The Hatshepsut Temple contains three levels; each level includes a set of basic collectibles. Here are the details of the levels:
First Level of Hatshepsut Temple
It includes the road leading to the temple, which is a bridge 100 feet long, and there was a group of strange trees. This level also included square-shaped columns, on which there are many intricate carvings.
And unfortunately they were destroyed, all that remains today are observations from the ancient Egyptians in the quarries.
Second Level of Hatshepsut Temple
The second level of the temple within what is unique about Hatshepsut temple? Includes one of the first illustrated documents ever recorded. These documents show a commercial expedition to Puntland carried out by Hatshepsut, and there is also a mausoleum of the goddess Hathor on this level.
Third Level of Hatshepsut Temple
It contains statues of Horus in the form of a falcon, and also includes a portico with double rows of columns facing the front. There are also many rooms behind this courtyard containing the colossal octagonal statues of Hatshepsut.
The most important holdings in the Temple of Hatshepsut
The Temple of Hatshepsut includes many valuable items, which are among our answers about what is unique about Hatshepsut temple? The holdings include many ancient Egyptian statues and designs, and the following are some of the most important of these holdings in the temple:
- Mihrab of Hatshepsut and Thutmose I, two of the main components of the Temple of Hatshepsut.
- Jerusalem of the Sun, which consisted of 15 large and open halls.
- A table of offerings, which is one of the important archaeological finds in the temple.